Visarpa (Pemphigus)

Visarpa (Pemphigus) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by blistering and ulceration of the skin and mucous membranes.


Visarpa, also known as Pemphigus, is a group of rare autoimmune disorders that affect the skin and mucous membranes. It is characterized by the formation of painful blisters and erosions, which can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. Pemphigus occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the proteins that hold skin cells together, leading to the breakdown of cell adhesion. This results in the formation of fragile blisters that can easily rupture, leading to open sores. Pemphigus can be a challenging condition to manage, requiring a comprehensive treatment approach that focuses on suppressing the immune response and promoting healing.


There are several types of Pemphigus, including Pemphigus vulgaris, Pemphigus foliaceus, and Paraneoplastic pemphigus, each with distinct clinical presentations and severity.


The symptoms of Visarpa (Pemphigus) can vary depending on the specific subtype of the condition. However, common symptoms include the development of painful, fluid-filled blisters on the skin and mucous membranes. These blisters are fragile and prone to rupture, leading to the formation of painful ulcers. The blisters and ulcers can affect various parts of the body, including the mouth, throat, scalp, face, chest, back, and genitals. The condition can cause discomfort, pain, and difficulty performing everyday activities. If left untreated, Visarpa can lead to severe complications and affect the overall well-being of the individual.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for Visarpa (Pemphigus) may include genetic predisposition, certain ethnic backgrounds, and exposure to certain medications or environmental triggers.


Visarpa (Pemphigus) is an autoimmune disorder, which means that it occurs when the immune system mistakenly targets healthy cells in the body. In Pemphigus, the immune system produces antibodies that attack specific proteins called desmogleins, which are responsible for maintaining the integrity of skin cells. The exact cause of this autoimmune response is not fully understood, but genetic factors, environmental triggers, and certain medications may play a role. Emotional stress and hormonal changes have also been associated with triggering or exacerbating the condition. Pemphigus is not contagious and does not spread from person to person.

Diagnosis & Treatment

In the case of Visarpa (Pemphigus), accurate diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment. Ayurvedic physicians employ various diagnostic methods, including clinical examination, assessment of symptoms, and sometimes, skin biopsies, to confirm the condition and its subtype. Once diagnosed, treatment focuses on balancing the immune system, reducing inflammation, promoting wound healing, and managing symptoms.

The Ayurvedic approach to treating Visarpa involves a combination of internal medications, external applications, and lifestyle modifications. Internal medications, consisting of herbal formulations and natural compounds, are prescribed to strengthen the immune system, detoxify the body, and control the autoimmune response. External applications such as medicated oils, ointments, and herbal pastes are used to soothe the affected skin, promote healing, and prevent infection.

Lifestyle modifications, including stress management techniques, a balanced diet, and adequate rest, are integral to the treatment plan. Ayurvedic therapies such as Panchakarma (detoxification treatments) and rejuvenation therapies may be recommended to support the healing process and restore overall health.

It is important to consult with an experienced Ayurvedic physician at Saranya to receive personalized care and a tailored treatment plan for Visarpa (Pemphigus).

Reference books : Charaka Samhita ,Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridaya