Obesity and Weight Management (Atisthaulya)

Obesity, or Atisthalauya in Ayurveda, is a condition characterized by excessive body weight and adipose tissue accumulation, leading to various health risks.


In Ayurveda, Atisthaulya (Obesity) is described as an excessive accumulation of Meda(fat/adipose tissue) and Mamsa (flesh/muscle tissue) leading to flabbiness of hips, abdomen, and breast. It is considered as one of the diseases due to consumption of excessive calories. It is also considered as a precursor for other lifestyle and metabolic disorders like Ischemic Heart Disease, Diabetes etc.

In Ayurveda, obesity is treated not only for weight loss but also in terms of correcting metabolism, balancing the doshas and eliminating factors leading to obesity. It is also important to detox the body, clean the channels and reduce the stress factor to get rid of excess weight and keep it away.Obesity is a prevalent health concern characterized by the excessive accumulation of body fat, which can have detrimental effects on overall health and well-being. Ayurveda views obesity as an imbalance in the body’s doshas, particularly Kapha and Meda (fat tissue). It recognizes that each individual’s body constitution and metabolism differ, requiring personalized approaches to weight management. Effective management involves addressing the root causes, adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and incorporating Ayurvedic therapies to support healthy weight loss and maintain a healthy lifestyle.


Symptoms of obesity include excessive weight gain, increased body fat percentage, difficulty in physical activities, breathlessness, fatigue, joint pain, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and an increased risk of developing chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular problems, and certain types of cancer.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for obesity include sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, genetic predisposition, hormonal imbalances, certain medical conditions, and psychological factors like stress.


While there are no specific types of obesity, Ayurveda considers individual body constitutions (doshas) and metabolic patterns when formulating personalized weight management strategies.


Multiple factors contribute to obesity, including unhealthy dietary habits, sedentary lifestyle, hormonal imbalances, genetic predisposition, emotional factors, and certain medical conditions. Consuming calorie-dense foods, excessive intake of refined sugars and carbohydrates, lack of physical activity, and psychological factors such as stress and emotional eating are common causes of weight gain and obesity.

Diagnosis & Treatment

Diagnosing obesity involves assessing body mass index (BMI), body composition analysis, and understanding the individual’s medical history and lifestyle. Ayurvedic treatment for obesity focuses on holistic approaches to weight management, promoting healthy lifestyle modifications, balanced nutrition, and Ayurvedic therapies.

The treatment plan includes personalized dietary recommendations, emphasizing whole foods, portion control, and avoiding processed and high-calorie foods. Regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, yoga, and strength training exercises, is essential for weight management. Ayurvedic therapies like Udvartana (herbal powder massage), Swedana (herbal steam therapy), and Virechana (therapeutic purgation) may be recommended to support detoxification, stimulate metabolism, and reduce excess body fat.

In addition to lifestyle and dietary changes, stress management techniques, adequate sleep, and psychological support are integrated into the treatment plan. Regular monitoring, follow-up consultations, and individualized support play a crucial role in achieving sustainable weight management and overall well-being.